The Russian pharmaceutical industry is rapidly growing and is poised to continue on this trajectory in the next several years. This growth coincides with concerted action by the Russian government to foster development in Russian-manufactured pharmaceuticals as part of its broader strategy to develop its pharmaceutical industry. However, with growth comes growing pains, and in the coming months and years Russian government and industry will encounter challenges, the solutions to which will shape the contours of the pharmaceutical market in Russia.
Bulgaria, an Eastern European country formerly a part of the Soviet Bloc, did not criminalize domestic violence until 2005. The lack of such basic protection for women symbolized the country’s tolerance, indifference, and even promotion of degradation of women. However, grassroots organizations working with regional and international partners in Bulgaria have made significant strides for women’s rights since 2005.
Cryptocurrency is growing in popularity and acceptance in financial markets. But not all countries share the same interests as investors. Will China’s recent attempts to clamp down on Bitcoin harm the digital currency market, or does China risk missing out on the benefits of this developing technology?
Pollution has quickly become one of Mongolia’s largest issues. The high levels of pollution threaten the health, safety and wellness of the people that reside there. The issue of pollution is so extreme, that it can lead to even death. It is imperative that this issue be resolved in a timely manner because the people of Mongolia’s lives are at risk.
Image credit: “A woman wears a face mask in the part of the city near neighbourhoods known for burning coal for heating in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, January 26, 2017.” Eleanor Ross, How Deadly Pollution Became One of Mongolia’s Biggest Problems, Newsweek, (March 2, 2017), http://www.newsweek.com/pollution-mongolia-ulaanbaatar-deadly-kill-children-higher-beijing-562881.
China shares an interest with the Philippines in the South China Sea. However, it has continuously ignored the South China Sea Code of Conduct, instead following its own agenda. The Philippines should likewise abandon the Code.
France regulates French presidential campaign spending and contributions far more stringently than the U.S. regulates its presidential campaigns. There are advantages and disadvantages to each system, but the U.S. would benefit by incorporating aspects of the French system.
The northeastern region of Catalonian recently declared independence from Spain, which has caused a whole host of problems for the country. This blog post explores the timeline of this independence crisis and how Spain and Catalonia can work together and use history to find a mutually beneficial solution.
The Olympics are lucrative business today. The International Olympic Committee is a billion-dollar organization, and it is supposed to facilitate Olympic sports worldwide. Instead, it absolves itself of responsibility by giving away money to international federations to do with as they please. That leaves athletes to languish in poverty while IOC executives and broadcasting companies get rich off of them.
Swiss authorities have traditionally had limited abilities to hold an association or corporation organized as a Swiss legal person legally accountable for bribery or corrupt acts committed by natural persons. In 2016, the Swiss criminal code "Lex FIFA" amendments became effective. Following these new laws, Switzerland should no longer a legal safe haven for associations and other corporate entities to avoid vicarious liability for the actions of that entity’s leadership.
While the Olympics are a time of global celebration, for women in Saudi Arabia it is also a painful reminder of the lack of opportunities they have to compete in sports. Though the country is taking small steps towards female inclusion in sports, the movement is anything but expedited. Although a handful of women have competed on the Saudi Olympic team, the question remains whether this has furthered women’s rights back home or if their participation is merely a show to appease international human rights concerns.
As the 2018 Olympics get underway, the relationship between North and South Korea is as much in the spotlight as are the athletes preparing for competition. What has changed in the thirty years since the last Olympics held on the Korean penninsula?
No Russian flag, no Russian anthem –the decision by IOC to ban Russia from the 2018 Winter Olympics shocked the sports community. An interesting legal analysis of the Olympic Charter, WADA, the appeals process of the Court of Arbitration for Sport, and Russia’s possible arguments.
On May 25, 2018, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will go into effect in the European Union. This new data security law will greatly impact both anti-doping and sports clubs in how these organizations handle personal data of athletes.
It’s been 70 years since the last peaceful transition of power in Liberia. On December 28th, 2017, Liberians elected former FIFA star George Weah as their president. Called “King George” by his backers, 51-year-old Weah’s rags-to-riches story draws support from the young and poor, but will Weah have the political prowess necessary to maintain peace in a country marred by back-to-back civil wars and entwined with political corruption?
 Laurel Wamsley, Liberia Elects Soccer Star George Weah Its Next President, NPR (Dec. 28, 2017, 2:37 PM), https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/12/28/574172627/liberia-elects-soccer-star-george-weah-its-next-president.
Since 1990, women in Saudi Arabia have been prohibited by royal decree from driving. This decree has been a point of contention within Saudi Arabia as well as in the international community. Now, a recent royal decree has overturned this law and will allow Saudi women to drive in June of 2018. While this legal change may be enough to open the way for changes in the male guardianship system, it is not yet enough for Saudi Arabia to be in compliance with their obligations under the U.N. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
Image credit: New York Times, available at https://static01.nyt.com/images/2017/09/27/world/saudi-drive/saudi-drive-master768.jpg
Sri Lanka’s people have been through a long history of war, causing its people to suffer devastating loss. The Government has promised to make changes, but the people of Sri Lanka are continuing to suffer at the hands of police power and the government. Basic human rights are greatly curtailed by the Country’s laws. The United Nations has decided to step in, and hopefully bring the long-awaited justice Sri Lankan people deserve.
“Not a day goes by without reports of police officers overstepping the bounds of the Constitution.”Camelia Nathaniel, A Clear Indictment on Sri Lankan Police, A The Sunday Leader, (Jan. 23, 2017), http://www.thesundayleader.lk/2016/01/24/a-clear-indictment-on-sri-lanka-police/.
Joseph Kabila and his father, Laurent-Desire Kabila, have been the only presidents of the renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo since Laurent-Desire Kabila’s overthrow of Mobutu Sese Seko in 1997. Joseph Kabila was elected for his second, and constitutionally mandated, final term as president in 2011. In the lead up to the 2016 presidential election, the Congolese Congress and President Kabila took steps to block the 2016 election. In response to attempts to push back the 2016 election, and the actual push back of the 2016 election, protests have arisen throughout the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and President Kabila has responded by violently crushing the protests and committing numerous human rights violations. President Kabila should be immediately removed from power for violating the Congolese Constitution and violating international human rights.
Famous for its Internet censorship, the government touts it’s respect for constitutional provisions of speech. Although the government appears to perceive the Internet as a fount of wisdom, it attempts to shield citizens from using it to its full potential. The nation’s recent crackdown on social media site Weibo appears to illustrate what appears to be contradictory, but is supported by the country’s Constitution.
In response to a national measles outbreak, the Italian government has enacted a mandatory vaccinations law for school-aged children as a prerequisite to school enrollment, with hefty consequences for noncompliance. While not everyone is in agreement about this law, the Italian people may not be able to afford to refuse vaccinations without putting their loved ones, and themselves, at risk.
Image credit: MaxPixel, available at http://maxpixel.freegreatpicture.com/Monument-Italy-Emanuel-Ii-The-Altar-Of-The-Homeland-422712
France, despite high rates of vaccine skepticism, has enacted legislation to make vaccines compulsory by 2018 in an attempt to curtail the spread of vaccine preventable diseases. Will this new law be effective in recapturing herd immunity?
Image credit: Romain D C, available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:La_Canop%C3%A9e_panorama_20160624_01.jpg
The U.S. presidential election was dominated by claims that then-Candidate Trump would build a border wall between the U.S. and Mexico without spending U.S. taxpayer dollars. International law, specifically Article 24 of the United Nations, has been infrequently discussed in regards to this issue.
On September 23, New Zealanders went to the polls to vote for their next government. As a result of a shifting political landscape, party leadership changes, and the country’s proportional voting system, voters elected a coalition progressive-populist-nationalist government. In contrast to the country’s pro-globalization, anti-regulation regime of the last 30 years, the new government is expected to pursue more isolationist policies, particularly in the areas of immigration and foreign trade.
Since the passage of the September 2017 referendum, the Kurds found themselves fighting Iraq to maintain previously established KRG territory. Within one month of the referendum, the Kurds have lost 40% of their territory. What other effects have the Kurds faced as a result of this move for independence?
Chile has vowed to become the latest country to ban the use of plastic bags in order to mitigate the negative environmental effect that they have. But the path to an effective ban is much murkier than simply banning bags and seeing an improvement overnight. What will Chile do to implement an effective ban?
The current attacks against the Rhonigya are inhumane and unjust. Myanmar’s history of ethnic conflict with the Rohingya is very complicated and requires a basic understanding of how the country was established.
According to a panel of experts on the Office for the High Commissioner of Human Rights (OHCHR), imposing the capital punishment on individuals who suffer a psychosocial disability is a violation of the death penalty safeguards. However, the Pakistani Supreme Court is permitting the execution of mentally ill individuals. The United Nations again pressured Pakistan to protect its mentally ill inmates.