The current attacks against the Rhonigya are inhumane and unjust. Myanmar’s history of ethnic conflict with the Rohingya is very complicated and requires a basic understanding of how the country was established.
According to a panel of experts on the Office for the High Commissioner of Human Rights (OHCHR), imposing the capital punishment on individuals who suffer a psychosocial disability is a violation of the death penalty safeguards. However, the Pakistani Supreme Court is permitting the execution of mentally ill individuals. The United Nations again pressured Pakistan to protect its mentally ill inmates.
In 2015 alone, one million people from the Middle East and parts of Africa reached the European Union seeking asylum from countries consumed by war, political instability, and repression. Placed between two of the most “immigrant friendly” countries in Europe, Denmark responded to the influx of asylum seekers by enacting new policies further restricting the rights of refugees.
In 2011, South Sudan became an independent nation. South Sudan was formed in part to break away from the devastation of Sudan; however, it is unclear that the South Sudanese government has been able to prevent violence, instability, or food insecurity from taking hold in this new nation.
Image credit: Steve Evans from Citizen of the World, available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:South_Sudan_Independence_Celebration_(5963420792).jpg
Over 140 million girls and women are affected by Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). Many countries have taken steps to enact laws and regulations to curb the cultural and societal expectations to undergo FGM. South Africa effectively criminalized FGM and continues to educate society on the complications and human rights implications of FGM.
Fishing on the high seas is one of the most important rights nations have under international law, but the lack of regulation has allowed humans to decimate fish populations. In 2015, the United Nations resolved to adopt a new treaty to regulate high seas fishing. The Republic of Maldives is a key stakeholder that will be affected by these new regulations.
Image credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Yellowfin_tuna_nurp.jpg
In the heart of sub-Saharan Africa, Botswana’s diamond industry has helped the nation thrive. A handful of sprawling diamond mines controlled by the most famous name in the diamond industry—De Beers—dot the country’s rugged terrain. In Fall 2017, Botswana underwent it’s third KP review—and pledged to remain transparent and follow the KP.
For the past 50 years, Colombia has been fighting a civil war against its largest rebel group, FARC. Now that a peace accord has been signed and approved by Congress, what issues may arise? What issues still linger?
Image credit: Mijotoba, available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Taganga.jpg
The Cambodian government, led by Hun Sen who has ruled as Prime Minister since 1997, has been met international criticism and condemnation after conclusion of the Kkmer Rouge Tribunal. People are talking about Cambodia again, and it’s not just the indie-film lovers and critics. Can the success or failure of an international criminal war tribunal be measured as a quantifiable result? What about qualitative results?
The Supreme Court of India recently outlawed the longstanding practice of allowing Muslim men to instantly divorce their wives through “triple talaq,” or uttering the word “talaq,” meaning “divorce,” three times in a row. The Court ruled this practice unconstitutional and against the tenents of the Muslim faith. With this ruling, India joins many other counties that have outlawed this Muslim practice and in turn strengthens the rights of Muslim women.
Image credit: by , available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A_building_in_Chennai.JPG
Since 1967, native-born Palestinians in East Jerusalem have struggled to acquire and maintain legal residency. This struggle has left many Palestinians with a tenuous status that may be revoked at any time, leaving them stateless and without a legal remedy. Now, a recent Israeli Supreme Court decision ordering Israel to reinstate a Palestinian man’s residency may mark the beginning of new protections for East Jerusalemites.
While mammoth tusks have been collected from Russia for decades now, new techniques pose grave consequences for the environment. Attempts by local authorities to regulate the removal of tusks have been unsuccessful, and while the federal government possesses primary authority it has left this practice largely unregulated. While the removal and sale of mammoth tusks promises great financial reward, regulation is necessary to mitigate the negative effects. The federal government must either regulate this area itself, or enable local authorities to do so.
Image credit: Midmar - Miskolc TDM available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mocsarciprus_04.JPG
Japanese law requires the government operate its national heatlh care system in a sound manner. However, economists and medical professionals have argued that the Japanese health care system is failing, as the current insurance system will not support Japan's projected demographics. Now is the time for Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to act on campaign promises and implement change.
Image credit: Japan Health Care College, by 禁樹なずな - available on Wikimedia.
Vietnam, a country that has become a welcoming place for foreign investors, recently promulgated new laws that may lead to an influx of investment by casino businesses. However, uncertainty remains because the reforms are tentatively temporary, investors have been let down by the Vietnamese government in the past, and other opportunities to gamble exist nearby.
Western nations have stolen many cultural artifacts through conquest and colonization. There has been an international effort to return stolen cultural artifacts which were stolen after 1970 but older cultural artifacts have been zealously guarded by the colonizing nations. The Louvre, the Smithsonian, and the British Museum have all stockpiled cultural artifacts belonging to nations like Egypt, Greece, and Mexico which they refuse to reparation to their country of origin. An international treaty discussing cultural repatriation of items obtained prior to 1970 is required to rectify the problem.
Image: Canadian Museum of Civilization, by Wladyslaw/Wikimedia
The “War on Drugs” in Indonesia has been evolving over the last couple of years, yet the problems related to drugs in this country remain. The President of Indonesia implemented a new plan to deal with drugs in early 2016 and the country has been executing both citizens and non citizens for drug use, possession, and trafficking. The country has executed 18 persons last year and plans to execute 30 more this year alone, all for drug related offenses. Indonesia should consider another method of addressing its extreme drug issues.
North Korea, and other nuclear weapon states may be in violation of international law if a prohibition on such use is given jus cogens status - i.e., is deemed a preemptory norm. A ban on nuclear weapons satisfies the jus cogens test because their use is immoral, it disrupts international order, and no nation has used them in combat for seventy-two years.
Concerns over election fraud and hacking have become a world-wide concern. Kenya joins many other countries left questioning the authenticity of election results, with this issue being reviewed by that nation's Supreme Court. Has Kenyan democracy has been given a new jolt of energy which may provide for future election legitimacy?
Image attribution: By JimSlim, information available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:25332612.nairoboi013.JPG.
Fourteen nations have contracted to be regulated by an EU regulatory framework for the purpose of protecting the water quality in the Danube River Basin. Austria is a member of this agreement and has been a leader in incorporating this framework into national regulation. However, Austria uses the hydropeaking process to create hydroelectricity, which has been shown to have a negative impact on certain river species. Although full effects are still unknown, there may be a way to get the best of both worlds: protect the species as well as maintain the benefits of hydroelectricity.
In New South Wales, Australia, new legislation recently came into effect that changed the regulations for vegetation-clearing. Farmers have long believed they had too little say over what they could do with their land. New legislation could give farmers much more latitude to clear vegetation on their land, but they’re unfinished, hard to understand, and have environmentalists in an uproar.
Single, unmarried women, who desire to have children later in life, are restricted by the Chinese government from seeking reproductive services such as freezing their eggs. Further, if a woman has a child out of wedlock, the child and the woman become social outcasts who are forced to pay fees and prohibited from receiving health and education services. This article urges the Chinese government to reflect the values of a modern society by allowing all women the freedom to reproduce.
Since 1994, the Belarusian government—headed by President Alexander Lukashenko—has systematically repressed viable political opposition. Lukashenko has consolidated political power by curbing media freedoms and the dissemination of information deemed detrimental to the regime. However, the inception of the Internet has provided alternative channels of information collection, which in turn has emboldened Belarusian citizens to question and confront the status quo. In early 2017, however, planned peaceful protests throughout Belarusian urban centers opposing the Lukashenko regime were met with violent backlash from police forces.
Is it possible to rewrite a Constitution? Is it possible to do so avoiding volatile public upheaval? Venezuela is facing these issues after the announcement by President Nicolas Madura to rewrite the Venezuelan Constitution.
Image attribution: By Jonathan Alvarez C (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Post-Charlottesville, Silicon Valley is rethinking how far it will go to fight hate speech. But Germany has long taken a different approach, with some of the strictest free speech and anti-defamation laws in Europe. Recent years have seen an increase in hate speech/anti-immigrant propaganda and fake news, which take on new urgency ahead of Germany’s Sept. 24 parliamentary elections. Germany is now stepping up its efforts with a new law that fines social media companies more than $58 million for failing to promptly delete illegal, racist, or slanderous comments and posts.
This post explores the impact of ISIS’ presence in Syria, the legal principles underlying the conflict, and the devastating reality that UN members may not have the ability to intervene in the war that is raging on within the Syrian borders. Through the examination of customary international law, it is apparent that foreign involvement may prove to be more difficult than at first glance.
As the Republic of Korea gains recognition for the world’s fastest internet speeds, citizens are doing more than just streaming Netflix on the subway. Read how the Republic is revolutionizing democracy, boasting some of the most efficient e-Government services and ranking among the top in the world for citizen participation in government.
Data privacy is a hot topic around the globe. The General Data Protection Regulation is a leading factor for this trend. The regulation affects all companies conducting business within the European Union. One of the countries seeking to increase its data privacy laws is New Zealand. The United States, however, has taken a step in the other direction. This paper will briefly touch on the upcoming changes to U.S. privacy laws, and then explain the proposed changes to New Zealand’s privacy laws.
Anti-miscegenation appears to be alive and well in the Jewish State of Israel where all marriages must be performed by religious officials, and interreligious marriage is strictly prohibited. This religious based restriction on marriage becomes the equivalent to an anti-miscegenation law when the bloodline requirement to be considered Jewish enough for marriage to another Jew by the Orthodox Jewish Rabbinical Court is also taken into account. Those who follow Israel politics closely should not be shocked to learn that the Rabbinical Courts have become even more hostile in recent years to Jewish converts and the children of Jewish converts.
German deportation practices have been a point of controversy in recent months, especially since the German government has accelerated its deportation processes for those who do not qualify for refugee protection. According to Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Chief of Staff Peter Altmaier, the push to deport more people was an attempt to persuade conservative voters and preserve support for the asylum system.
A constitutional crisis is continuing to unfold in Poland. In late 2016, the Polish nationalist right-wing government succeeded in packing Poland’s Constitutional Tribunal, an important check on legislative and executive power in Poland, capping a year-long campaign where the court overturned numerous laws as unconstitutional.